Differences and Similarities Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus or DM is a metabolic disorder that prevents the body from storing and using glucose for energy. It results from a lack of insulin, the hormone which facilitates glucose absorption into the cells.
However, this condition can be Type 1 or Type 2. There are several key differences between the two in terms of direct cause, characteristics and symptoms, management and predisposing factors.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Lessons Learned from Years with Cures
In Type 1 diabetes, also called DM Type one, a person is deficient in insulin but does not need medical treatment. But though this type of diabetes has no cure, it is manageable and there many Type 1 diabetics who are living healthy, normal lives. If you’ve been diagnosed with this condition, you can always ask your doctor about all available options and solutions. As long as you take care of yourself, you shouldn’t have a real problem.
The Beginners Guide To Treatments (From Step 1)
Type 1 diabetes is often because of an inability by the pancreas to produce insulin. This is usually due to the pancreas being attacked by the diabetic’s own immune system, causing irreversible damage. Since insulin helps in the absorption of glucose, low levels of the hormone can be dangerous. If uncorrected, the condition can cause death, aside from vision problems as well as circulatory and cardiac conditions. When the case is extreme, the person can go into a coma, or at least experience insatiable hunger or thirst, frequent urination or lethargy.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes is the more common DM type which often affects adults or diabetics who are not insulin-dependent. Like Type 1, Type 2 has no cure but is highly manageable under the supervision of a doctor. When a person is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, he or she will often be referred to support groups or other types of assistance that helps them cope with the condition.
One of the attributes that differentiates Type 2 diabetes from Type 1 is its slow onset which also tends to harder to distinguish. Its more visible symptoms include lethargy, hunger, thirst and frequent urination, although these are also found in severe Type 1 DM. When a person exhibits these symptoms, a doctor can run a test to determine if they are because of diabetes.To confirm if these symptoms have something to do with diabetes, a doctor can run some tests. Fortunately, preventing DM IS highly possible through diet and exercise, especially when an individual is considered high-risk.
Type 2 and Type 2 diabetes have the same risk factors, however, and these include being related to a diabetic patient, older than 45 years old, a female with PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), prediabetic (blood sugar is higher than normal but lower than a diabetic’s), physically inactive, obese or overweight, or hypertensive; a history of gestational diabetes or heart disease; and above normal triglyceride (up to 250 mg/dL) and below normal “good cholesterol” (at least 35 mg/dL). If you suspect you might be at risk, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.